Fire & Ice

A Very Bad Week in 1914

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Union Station during the Fire of February 21, 1914. Photograph, 1914.
Would-be passengers stand on the platform while firefighters combat the blaze on the roof. Photo:The Connecticut Historical Society, Horace B. Clark Collection.
Union Station: Ladder Work on Union Place. Photograph, 1914.
Firemen on ladders combat smoke pouring from the roof. Photo:The Connecticut Historical Society, Horace B. Clark Collection.
Union Station after the Fire of February 21, 1914. Photograph, 1914.
The waiting room is piled with debris from the fallen roof. Photo:The Connecticut Historical Society, Horace B. Clark Collection.
General view of Allyn Hall Fire, February 26, 1914. Photograph, 1914.
Fire Chief John C. Moran is in the street. Photo:The Connecticut Historical Society, Horace B. Clark Collection.
Allyn Hall after fall of front wall. Photograph, 1914.
Hose lines leading to the water tower are buried under fallen debris. Photo:The Connecticut Historical Society, Horace B. Clark Collection.
Debris in front of Allyn Hall. Photograph, 1914.
At this point the fire is under control. Photo:The Connecticut Historical Society, Horace B. Clark Collection.

Hartford’s Union Station, completed in 1889, acts as downtown’s western boundary and is the visual transition point between the business district and the residential neighborhood of Asylum Hill. The station originally operated for multiple railways including the Hartford and New Haven Railroad, Hartford and Connecticut Valley Railroad, Central New England Railway, and the New York and New England Railroad.

On February 21, 1914, a cold, snow-covered afternoon, a fire broke out at the north end of the station, in an area which held passenger baggage as well as freight and mail to be transported. Deep snow in the streets delayed the fire trucks rushing to the scene. A series of small explosions occurred while firefighters were battling the blaze, presumably from gas provisions in storage. Local newspapers reported that firefighter William Kane was injured from the resulting blasts. Two larger explosions lifted off a large portion of the roof  and caused the waiting room ceiling to crumble. The newspaper stands, and ticket and other offices were completely crushed by the collapsing roof.  Images of the building after the fire reveal debris and rubble everywhere and fire ravaged walls. The estimated monetary loss at the time was $250,000. The structure was rebuilt, and still runs and operates to this day. The current building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.

The Allyn Hall Fire, commonly referred to as the “Auditorium Fire” or the “Happy Hour Fire,” occurred less than a week later on February 26, 1914.  The auditorium, which opened in 1856, hosted many political gatherings as well as theatrical events. The building also housed a restaurant, offices, and a movie theater, which had begun showing “moving pictures” in 1909.  

The first fire alarm was sounded at 12:21 p.m.  The fire originated in the rear of the store of the G.W. Fuller Co. on the ground floor. Fire trucks and firefighters struggled through snow to respond to the fire, which quickly spread to the north end of the building.  Parts of the upper floors fell into the street, littering rubble and debris. Smoke poured from the windows and the roof of the commercial block containing the theater and other stores. The fire department’s new water tower was used to combat the height of the fire, reducing the flames considerably. Following the fire, the historic old building was so badly damaged it had to be demolished. Today the XL Center, which occupies the same block on Asylum Street, offers sporting events, concerts and other forms of entertainment.

Photographs in the Horace B. Clark Collection at the Connecticut Historical Society document the progress of both fires. Selected images are available online at www.cthistoryonline.org.